PHP Conference China 2020

DateTimeZone::getTransitions

timezone_transitions_get

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7)

DateTimeZone::getTransitions -- timezone_transitions_getReturns all transitions for the timezone

Description

Object oriented style

public DateTimeZone::getTransitions ([ int $timestampBegin = PHP_INT_MIN [, int $timestampEnd = PHP_INT_MAX ]] ) : array

Procedural style

timezone_transitions_get ( DateTimeZone $object [, int $timestampBegin = PHP_INT_MIN [, int $timestampEnd = PHP_INT_MAX ]] ) : array

Parameters

object

Procedural style only: A DateTimeZone object returned by timezone_open()

timestampBegin

Begin timestamp.

timestampEnd

End timestamp.

Return Values

Returns numerically indexed array containing associative array with all transitions on success or FALSE on failure.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 The optional timestampBegin and timestampEnd were added.

Examples

Example #1 A timezone_transitions_get() example

<?php
$timezone 
= new DateTimeZone("Europe/London");
$transitions $timezone->getTransitions();
print_r(array_slice($transitions03));
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [ts] => -9223372036854775808
            [time] => -292277022657-01-27T08:29:52+0000
            [offset] => 3600
            [isdst] => 1
            [abbr] => BST
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [ts] => -1691964000
            [time] => 1916-05-21T02:00:00+0000
            [offset] => 3600
            [isdst] => 1
            [abbr] => BST
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [ts] => -1680472800
            [time] => 1916-10-01T02:00:00+0000
            [offset] => 0
            [isdst] => 
            [abbr] => GMT
        )

)

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
6
scotts
10 years ago
Getting a timezone's offset and other data at a specified point in time (now, for example) using the new PHP5.3 parameters:

<?php
$theTime
= time(); # specific date/time we're checking, in epoch seconds.

$tz = new DateTimeZone('America/Los_Angeles');
$transition = $tz->getTransitions($theTime,$theTime);

# only one array should be returned into $transition. Now get the data:
$offset = $transition[0]['offset'];
$abbr = $transition[0]['abbr'];
?>

Before PHP5.3, you'd have to loop through all of the Transitions up until the current point in time, which would be a very inefficient process.
up
4
rubo77
6 years ago
This will work  in PHP_VERSION < 5.3:

<?php
/** returns an array with two elements for spring and fall DST in a given year
*  works in PHP_VERSION < 5.3
*
* @param integer $year
* @param string $tz timezone
* @return array
**/
function getTransitionsForYear($year=null, $tz = null){
    if(!
$year) $year=date("Y");

    if (!
$tz) $tz = date_default_timezone_get();
   
$timeZone = new DateTimeZone($tz);

    if (
version_compare(PHP_VERSION, '5.3.0') >= 0) {
       
$transitions = $timeZone->getTransitions(mktime(0, 0, 0, 2, 1, $year),mktime(0, 0, 0, 11, 31, $year));
       
$index=1;
    } else {
       
// since 1980 it is regular, the 29th element is 1980-04-06
            // change this in your timezone
           
$first_regular_index=29;
           
$first_regular_year=1980;
       
$transitions = $timeZone->getTransitions();
       
$index=($year-$first_regular_year)*2+$first_regular_index;
    }
    return
array_slice($transitions, $index, 2);
}
up
1
tanguy dot pruvot at gmail dot com
7 years ago
Beware if you use getTransitions() without a minimum date, it can be slow...
up
-3
rubo77
6 years ago
This function will work in PHP < 5.3 :

/** returns an array with two elements for spring and fall DST in a given year
*
* @param integer $year
* @param string $tz timezone
* @return array
**/
function getTransitionsForYear($year=null, $tz = null){
    if(!$year) $year=date("Y");
   
    if (!$tz) $tz = date_default_timezone_get();
    $timeZone = new DateTimeZone($tz);
   
    $transitions = $timeZone->getTransitions(mktime(0, 0, 0, 1, 1, $year));
    return array_slice($transitions, 1, 2);
}
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