PHP Conference China 2020

json_decode

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7, PECL json >= 1.2.0)

json_decodeDecodes a JSON string

Description

json_decode ( string $json [, bool $assoc = NULL [, int $depth = 512 [, int $options = 0 ]]] ) : mixed

Takes a JSON encoded string and converts it into a PHP variable.

Parameters

json

The json string being decoded.

This function only works with UTF-8 encoded strings.

Note:

PHP implements a superset of JSON as specified in the original » RFC 7159.

assoc

When TRUE, JSON objects will be returned as associative arrays; when FALSE, JSON objects will be returned as objects. When NULL, JSON objects will be returned as associative arrays or objects depending on whether JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY is set in the options.

depth

User specified recursion depth.

options

Bitmask of JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE, JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY, JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR. The behaviour of these constants is described on the JSON constants page.

Return Values

Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type. Values true, false and null are returned as TRUE, FALSE and NULL respectively. NULL is returned if the json cannot be decoded or if the encoded data is deeper than the recursion limit.

Changelog

Version Description
7.3.0 JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR options was added.
7.2.0 assoc is nullable now.
7.2.0 JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, and JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE options were added.
7.1.0 An empty JSON key ("") can be encoded to the empty object property instead of using a key with value _empty_.

Examples

Example #1 json_decode() examples

<?php
$json 
'{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue));

?>

The above example will output:

object(stdClass)#1 (5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

array(5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

Example #2 Accessing invalid object properties

Accessing elements within an object that contain characters not permitted under PHP's naming convention (e.g. the hyphen) can be accomplished by encapsulating the element name within braces and the apostrophe.

<?php

$json 
'{"foo-bar": 12345}';

$obj json_decode($json);
print 
$obj->{'foo-bar'}; // 12345

?>

Example #3 common mistakes using json_decode()

<?php

// the following strings are valid JavaScript but not valid JSON

// the name and value must be enclosed in double quotes
// single quotes are not valid 
$bad_json "{ 'bar': 'baz' }";
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// the name must be enclosed in double quotes
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz" }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// trailing commas are not allowed
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz", }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

?>

Example #4 depth errors

<?php
// Encode the data.
$json json_encode(
    array(
        
=> array(
            
'English' => array(
                
'One',
                
'January'
            
),
            
'French' => array(
                
'Une',
                
'Janvier'
            
)
        )
    )
);

// Define the errors.
$constants get_defined_constants(true);
$json_errors = array();
foreach (
$constants["json"] as $name => $value) {
    if (!
strncmp($name"JSON_ERROR_"11)) {
        
$json_errors[$value] = $name;
    }
}

// Show the errors for different depths.
foreach (range(43, -1) as $depth) {
    
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue$depth));
    echo 
'Last error: '$json_errors[json_last_error()], PHP_EOLPHP_EOL;
}
?>

The above example will output:

array(1) {
  [1]=>
  array(2) {
    ["English"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "One"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "January"
    }
    ["French"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "Une"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "Janvier"
    }
  }
}
Last error: JSON_ERROR_NONE

NULL
Last error: JSON_ERROR_DEPTH

Example #5 json_decode() of large integers

<?php
$json 
'{"number": 12345678901234567890}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsonfalse512JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING));

?>

The above example will output:

object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  float(1.2345678901235E+19)
}
object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  string(20) "12345678901234567890"
}

Notes

Note:

The JSON spec is not JavaScript, but a subset of JavaScript.

Note:

In the event of a failure to decode, json_last_error() can be used to determine the exact nature of the error.

See Also

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