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strip_tags

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

strip_tagsStrip HTML and PHP tags from a string

Description

strip_tags ( string $str [, mixed $allowable_tags ] ) : string

This function tries to return a string with all NULL bytes, HTML and PHP tags stripped from a given str. It uses the same tag stripping state machine as the fgetss() function.

Parameters

str

The input string.

allowable_tags

You can use the optional second parameter to specify tags which should not be stripped. These are either given as string, or as of PHP 7.4.0, as array. Refer to the example below regarding the format of this parameter.

Note:

HTML comments and PHP tags are also stripped. This is hardcoded and can not be changed with allowable_tags.

Note:

In PHP 5.3.4 and later, self-closing XHTML tags are ignored and only non-self-closing tags should be used in allowable_tags. For example, to allow both <br> and <br/>, you should use:

<?php
strip_tags
($input'<br>');
?>

Return Values

Returns the stripped string.

Changelog

Version Description
7.4.0 The allowable_tags now alternatively accepts an array.
5.3.4 strip_tags() ignores self-closing XHTML tags in allowable_tags.

Examples

Example #1 strip_tags() example

<?php
$text 
'<p>Test paragraph.</p><!-- Comment --> <a href="#fragment">Other text</a>';
echo 
strip_tags($text);
echo 
"\n";

// Allow <p> and <a>
echo strip_tags($text'<p><a>');

// as of PHP 7.4.0 the line above can be written as:
// echo strip_tags($text, ['p', 'a']);
?>

The above example will output:

Test paragraph. Other text
<p>Test paragraph.</p> <a href="#fragment">Other text</a>

Notes

Warning

This function should not be used to try to prevent XSS attacks. Use more appropriate functions like htmlspecialchars() or other means depending on the context of the output.

Warning

Because strip_tags() does not actually validate the HTML, partial or broken tags can result in the removal of more text/data than expected.

Warning

This function does not modify any attributes on the tags that you allow using allowable_tags, including the style and onmouseover attributes that a mischievous user may abuse when posting text that will be shown to other users.

Note:

Tag names within the input HTML that are greater than 1023 bytes in length will be treated as though they are invalid, regardless of the allowable_tags parameter.

See Also

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